Primarily they spank children up to age 5, one to two times per month. Gershoff notes too that the US Department of Health and Human Services indicated that 13 of every children are abused or neglected. Thinking that spanking leads to abuse, Gershoff investigated the effectiveness of spanking by conducting a meta-analysis.
The chapter discusses the evolution of family therapy as a component of substance abuse treatment, outlines primary models of family therapy, and explores this approach from a systems perspective.
The chapter also presents the stages of change and levels of recovery from substance abuse. Effectiveness and cost benefits of family therapy are briefly discussed.
Introduction The family has a central role to play in the treatment of any health problem, including substance abuse. Family work has become a strong and continuing theme of many treatment approaches Kaufmann and Kaufman a ; McCrady and Epsteinbut family therapy is not used to its greatest capacity in substance abuse treatment.
A primary challenge remains the broadening of the substance abuse treatment focus from the individual to the family. The two disciplines, family therapy and substance abuse treatment, bring different perspectives to treatment implementation.
In substance abuse treatment, for instance, the client is the identified patient IP —the person in the family with the presenting substance abuse problem. In family therapy, the goal of treatment is to meet the needs of all family members.
Family therapy addresses the interdependent nature of family relationships and how these relationships serve the IP and other family members for good or ill. The focus of family therapy treatment is to intervene in these complex relational patterns and to alter them in ways that bring about productive change for the entire family.
Family therapy rests on the systems perspective. As such, changes in one part of the system can and do produce changes in other parts of the system, and these changes can contribute to either problems or solutions.
It is important to understand the complex role that families can play in substance abuse treatment. Providing services to the whole family can improve treatment effectiveness. Meeting the challenge of working together will call for mutual understanding, flexibility, and adjustments among the substance abuse treatment provider, family therapist, and family.
This shift will require a stronger focus on the systemic interactions of families. Many divergent practices must be reconciled if family therapy is to be used in substance abuse treatment.
For example, the substance abuse counselor typically facilitates treatment goals with the client; thus the goals are individualized, focused mainly on the client.
Substance abuse counselors often focus on the individual needs of people with substance use disorders, urging them to take care of themselves. This viewpoint neglects to highlight the impact these changes will have on other people in the family system.
When the IP is urged to take care of himself, he often is not prepared for the reactions of other family members to the changes he experiences, and often is unprepared to cope with these reactions.
On the other hand, many family therapists have hoped that bringing about positive changes in the family system concurrently might improve the substance use disorder. This view tends to minimize the persistent, sometimes overpowering process of addiction. Both of these views are consistent with their respective fields, and each has explanatory power, but neither is complete.
Addiction is a major force in people with substance abuse problems. Yet, people with substance abuse problems also reside within a powerful context that includes the family system. Therefore, in an integrated substance abuse treatment model based on family therapy, both family functioning and individual functioning play important roles in the change process Liddle and Hogue What Is a Family?
There is no single, immutable definition of family. Different cultures and belief systems influence definitions, and because cultures and beliefs change over time, definitions of family by no means are static.
While the definition of family may change according to different circumstances, several broad categories encompass most families: Traditional families, including heterosexual couples two parents and minor children all living under the same roofsingle parents, and families including blood relatives, adoptive families, foster relationships, grandparents raising grandchildren, and stepfamilies.
Extended families, which include grandparents, uncles, aunts, cousins, and other relatives. For many people, the elected family is more important than the biological family. Family members may disperse around the world, but still be connected emotionally and able to contribute to the dynamics of family functioning.
In family therapy, geographically distant family members can play an important role in substance abuse treatment and need to be brought into the therapeutic process despite geographical distance. One distinction is the level of commitment that people have for each other and the duration of that commitment.
Another distinction is the source of connection. Families are connected by alliance, but also by blood usually and powerful emotional ties almost always. In family therapy, clients identify who they think should be included in therapy.
What do you consider your family to be?International Association for the Study of Dreams is a non-profit (C)(3) research and education organization. The specific purpose of this corporation is to promote scientific research into the study of dreams and to provide an educational forum for the interdisciplinary exchange of such information among the scientific and professional community and the general public.
Effects of Family Structure on Child Abuse. Today, more Americans live in a manner that separates the bearing and raising of children from traditional marriage. The National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect illustrates this pro-poverty bias.
3) However, An Intergenerational Perspective,” Journal of Family Violence 29, no. 4. The answer qualifies, but still emphasizes, the husband’s authority in the family, leaving the wife in the position of first appealing to him to end the abuse.
If the abuser doesn’t heed this appeal, perhaps it’s because the wife didn’t have the right attitudes or the proper understanding of the Bible when she asked her husband to stop sexually abusing the children. Mar 11, · Family is where we all belong to and from where our identity comes from. A person is valued based on his family and upbringing.
We all belong to a family and it is our family that keeps us together through thick and thin. 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. In a world where even ordinary stress on the job or at school can seem battering at times, and outside influences are in constant flux, home, hearth and family are expected to .