For many people, stress is so commonplace that it has become a way of life smith, M. Stress is a normal physiological response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way Pacak, In small doses, it can help you perform better under pressure and motivate you to achieve and do your very best.
Analysis of the Problem Introduction The case scenario presented for analysis consists of Chris Carver, 26, Caucasian, originally from London and holding on to a full-time job in Singapore. After recently being engaged in a new deal in the last month, Carver showed signs of distress which includes fatigue, forgetfulness as well as an increase in the frequency of his asthma attacks.
One of the environmental issues that could aggravate his asthma would be the movement from London to Singapore. One of the components in air pollution is Particulate Matter, which is defined as a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets. Social factors should also be taken into account.
Social support refers to the availability of social relationships along with the distinguished comfort, caring and help from others. In this scenario, it is apparent that the patient receives social support from his friends and girlfriend.
He does not live alone and tries to make time for his friends. These are all positive factors that would help us in our intervention because the presence of social support has been seen to help in both direct as well as via the buffering hypothesis. The direct support would be when Carter faces a tough day at work after being reprimanded by his superior, his girlfriend could calm him down during his lunch hour by giving him a warm embrace.
The buffering effect refers to the weakening of relationship between stressors and strains. Nair, Farmer and Glazer Key Problems to be Dealt With There are several problems and issues that should be addressed in the application of an intervention.
Linked to anxiety, lung cancers and heart diseases, smoking cessation is one of the targeted areas of this intervention since the patient is reported to have been increasing his uptake of cigarette smoking.
Baum, Stress leads to a decrease in health enhancing behaviors such as an increase in smoking or alcohol, decrease in nutrition and sleep. Carter, began to have problems after being assigned to a new deal which suggests that stress could be one of the underlying factors of his health deteriorating.
Hence, stress is another targeted area in our intervention. Young adults in Singapore eat less than 1 meal per day at home, depending largely on restaurants and fast food chains.
According to the World Heart Federation, physical inactivity doubles the chances of developing heart disease and increases the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure.
Recommendations Part II of this study deals with the recommended interventions. This includes cost-effectiveness, time constraints, compliance, the addictiveness of smoking as well as several social and cultural factors.
If an intervention does not cost much, it might steer companies to implement health promotion interventions at work. Time constraint is especially important for this patient due to the fact that he has a job which takes up a lot of his time.
Meetings with clients and court cases leave him with far too little time for one to one counseling. Hence, the intervention has to be less intrusive into his schedule in order for it to be effective.
Another factor is compliance or adherence to treatment. In order to foster adherence, there need to be excellent communication between the administrator as well as the patient. The addictiveness of cigarettes is also another factor as this would make it a more difficult habit to stop.
Social factors would include the people Carter identifies with, whether or not they themselves are smokers as they could either be a form of positive support or they could lead to a relapse in the intervention. Taking these factors into account, an intervention that could be used to aid Carter would be based on a staged model of behavioral change.
Incorporating largely of TTM transtheoretical model Prochaska and di Clemente as well as implementation intentions Gollwitzer The first two stages are motivational stages whereas the last two are purely volitional.
Preparation stage consists of both motivational and volitional criteria. According to Gollwitzerindividuals need to make a specific when where and how plan that commitsStress is able to have an effect on physical health because stress keeps your body in a perpetual state of fight-or-flight by producing cortisol, which is a hormone produced by the body to respond to stress.
The Effects of Stress on Health November The Effects That Stress Has On Health Stress is a word that constantly gets tossed around with different meanings and connotations.
Many people do not realize what a significant effect that it can have on people and their families. Nov 07, · Stress Health Psychology University of West Alabama According to Taylor (), stress is a negative emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical, physiological, cognitive, and behavioral changes that are directed either toward altering the stressful event or accommodating to its effects (p.
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