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Theories[ edit ] Academic mediation theory[ edit ] Research has shown that poor academic achievement is one of the strongest predictors of high school dropout. The model for this theory was shown to statistically fit at an acceptable degree.
Deviant behavior includes delinquency, drug use, and early pregnancy. As such, this theory examines the relationship between family background and dropout rates.
Low socioeconomic status is a significant predictor of dropout beyond poor academic achievement. Research shows that members of racial and ethnicity minority groups drop out at higher rates than white students, as do individuals who have a low socioeconomic status, come from a single-parent household or whose parents did not complete high school.
These factors include absenteeism, grade retention, special education placement, low performance and grades, and low educational expectations.
Students who attended schools with more positive student-teacher interaction were less likely to drop out. The better the relationships between students and teachers, the less likely the student is to drop out of school. Building relationships with anti-social peers was found by Battin-Pearson to be a strong and direct predictor of dropout beyond the influence of poor academic achievement.
The better the relationship, as demonstrated through positive interaction and parental involvement, the more likely the student will stay in school. A study by Battin-Pearson found that these two factors did not contribute significantly to dropout beyond what was explained by poor academic achievement.
However, there is not a large body of research describing the students' personal motivation. One study found that the main reasons students reported for dropping out included uninteresting classes a lack of engagement with school life and classesunmotivated students typically said teachers did not demand enough or were not inspirationalpersonal reasons had to get a job, became a parent, had to support or care for a family memberand academic challenges felt like they could not keep up, felt unprepared for high school, had to repeat a grade, or graduation requirements seemed out of reach.
An article stated that early parenthood was the number one cause for school dropout in teen girls, as thirty percent of teen girls said pregnancy was the reason why they dropped out. The effect of standardized tests[ edit ] The No Child Left Behind Act implemented a "standardized, high-stakes, test-based accountability system".
In order to accomplish this, test scores were disaggregated into subgroups to better evaluate if the historically under-served minorities were receiving a good education. Teachers and administrators utilize grade retention as a strategy to improve test scores and ensure positive ratings.
Walt Disney was an American business magnatecartoonistand filmmaker who dropped out of high school at the age of sixteen in hopes of joining the army. Bobby Fischer was an American chess prodigygrandmaster, and the eleventh World Chess Champion who also dropped out of high school when he turned age sixteen and later explained "You don't learn anything in school".
Glen L Roberts after a career of trying to expose government privacy abuses, left the United States, renounced his citizenship and became one of the few former Americans to voluntarily become stateless. He had dropped out of high school in 10th grade.
Societal[ edit ] The problems created at an individual level due to the lack of a high school diploma or GED affect society as a whole. Those who cannot find jobs cannot pay taxes, resulting in a loss of revenue for the government.
Department of Education identifies four different rates to measure high school dropout and completion in the United States. Each rate contributes unique information. Event rates can be used to track annual changes in the dropout behavior of students in the U. This rate focuses on an overall age group as opposed to individuals in the U.
The rate focuses on an overall age group as opposed to individuals in the U. The rate focuses on public high school students as opposed to all high school students or the general population and is designed to provide an estimate of on-time graduation from high school.
Thus, it provides a measure of the extent to which public high schools are graduating students within the expected period of four years.A high school dropout will earn $, less than a high school graduate over his lifetime.
And almost a million dollars less than a college graduate. The Able Trust High School High Tech (HSHT) is designed to provide high school students with all types of disabilities the opportunity to explore jobs or postsecondary education leading to technology- .
States record varying high school graduation rates, which also differ significantly across student demographic groups. The U.S.
Department of Education computes an adjusted graduation rate for. U.S. public high schools recorded a four-year graduation rate of 80 percent for the school year, an all-time high.
Graduation rates vary greatly by state and race.
Nationwide, black. Elementary & High School Education. According to the U.S. Department of Education there where 8,, Black children attending public school and , in private schools in the United States during the school year.
Of those in public school , are enrolled in charter school meaning there are now more African American . Jun 27, · African-Americans college students are about as likely to get hired as whites who have dropped out of high school.
So says a new report from a .