Choosing an Area of Focus One of the most important steps in the process of writing a research paper for the English discipline is choosing an interesting, engaging topic. An instructor may offer students a range of topics from which to choose or allow students to choose their own areas of focus.
The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper. Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps. Identify and develop your topic Selecting a topic can be the most challenging part of a research assignment.
Since this is the very first step in writing a paper, it is vital that it be done correctly. Here are some tips for selecting a topic: Select a topic within the parameters set by the assignment.
|1, to 1,word paper in which you describe the research process. Include the||The following steps outline a simple and effective strategy for writing a research paper. Depending on your familiarity with the topic and the challenges you encounter along the way, you may need to rearrange these steps.|
|Writing in the Disciplines: English - The Process of Writing an English Research Paper||Scientific research involves a systematic process that focuses on being objective and gathering a multitude of information for analysis so that the researcher can come to a conclusion.|
Many times your instructor will give you clear guidelines as to what you can and cannot write about. Failure to work within these guidelines may result in your proposed paper being deemed unacceptable by your instructor. Select a topic of personal interest to you and learn more about it.
The research for and writing of a paper will be more enjoyable if you are writing about something that you find interesting. Select a topic for which you can find a manageable amount of information.
Do a preliminary search of information sources to determine whether existing sources will meet your needs. If you find too much information, you may need to narrow your topic; if you find too little, you may need to broaden your topic. Your instructor reads hundreds of research papers every year, and many of them are on the same topics topics in the news at the time, controversial issues, subjects for which there is ample and easily accessed information.
Stand out from your classmates by selecting an interesting and off-the-beaten-path topic. See your instructor for advice. Once you have identified your topic, it may help to state it as a question. For example, if you are interested in finding out about the epidemic of obesity in the American population, you might pose the question "What are the causes of obesity in America?
Do a preliminary search for information Before beginning your research in earnest, do a preliminary search to determine whether there is enough information out there for your needs and to set the context of your research.
Additional background information may be found in your lecture notes, textbooks, and reserve readings.
You may find it necessary to adjust the focus of your topic in light of the resources available to you. Locate materials With the direction of your research now clear to you, you can begin locating material on your topic.
There are a number of places you can look for information: If you are looking for books, do a subject search in the Alephcatalog.
Print or write down the citation information author, title,etc. Note the circulation status. When you locate the book on the shelf, look at the books located nearby; similar items are always shelved in the same area.
Choose the databases and formats best suited to your particular topic; ask at the librarian at the Reference Desk if you need help figuring out which database best meets your needs.
Many of the articles in the databases are available in full-text format. Use search engines GoogleYahooetc. Evaluate your sources See the CARS Checklist for Information Quality for tips on evaluating the authority and quality of the information you have located.
Your instructor expects that you will provide credible, truthful, and reliable information and you have every right to expect that the sources you use are providing the same.During this assignment, you will familiarize yourself with research terminology as you use the terms to write your paper.
paper Prepare a 1, to 1,word paper in which you describe the research process. Write 3 pages in which you explain what grieving is, describe the grieving process for two populations and analyze the differences, and determine a theory of development or model of grief that explains how each population grieves.
The Seven Steps in the Research Process.
Skip to main content. Cornell University Library. Cornell LibGuides Library Research at Cornell The Seven Steps Search this Guide Search. Library Research at Cornell: The Seven Steps. A stepwise guide to efficient research using the Cornell University Library.
Prepare a 1,word paper in which you describe the ethical issues related to the research process within the field of criminal justice. Include the following. Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice Research PaperWrite a 1, to 1,word paper in which you describe the ethical issues related to the research process within the field of criminal justice.
Requesting "shabanaiyas" Write a to 1, -word paper in which you describe the concept of Due Process. Be sure to define the adversarial system, identify the rights of the accused, and describe the process after a crime has been committed through post-arrest procedures.