The staple theory is now closely linked to export-led theories of economic growth wherein exports determine the growth process irrespective of whether these exports are raw materials or manufactured goods or services. The staple theory has been used in efforts to explain the path and pattern of economic evolution of, for example, pre- and post confederation Canada, colonial and postcolonial United StatesAustralia, New Zealandand Argentina. The staple thesis has also been applied to analyses of economies that rely on raw material exports such as cotton, cocoa, wood, oil, and sugar to drive their development process. The evidence as to whether staple exports has played and continues to play a critical and positive role in the development process is mixed.
The name "Ethiopia" derives from the Greek ethiomeaning "burned" and piameaning "face": Aeschylus described Ethiopia as a "land far off, a nation of black men. These conceptions of Ethiopia were geographically vague. In the late nineteenth century, Emperor Menelik II expanded the country's borders to their present configuration.
In MarchItalian troops attempted to enter Ethiopia forcibly and were routed by Emperor Menelik and his army. The battle of Adwa was the only victory of an African army over a European army during the partitioning of Africa which preserved the country's independence.
Ethiopia is the only African country never to have been colonized, although an Italian occupation occurred from to In addition to the monarchy, whose imperial line can be traced to King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church was a major force in that, in combination with the political system, it fostered nationalism with its geographic center in the highlands.
A socialist government the Derge known for its brutality governed the nation until The last twenty-five years of the twentieth century have been a time of revolt and political unrest but represent only a small portion of the time during which Ethiopia has been a politically active entity.
Unfortunately, however, the country's international standing has declined since the reign of Emperor Selassie, when it was the only African member of the League of Nations and its capital, Addis Ababa, was home to a substantial international community.
War, drought, and health problems have left the nation one of the poorest African countries economically, but the people's fierce independence and historical pride account for a people rich in self-determination. Ethiopia is the tenth largest country in Africa, coveringsquare miles 1, square kilometers and is the major constituent of the landmass known as the Horn of Africa.
It is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. The central plateau, known as the highlands, is surrounded on three sides by desert with a significantly lower elevation.
The plateau is between six thousand and ten thousand feet above sea level, with the highest peak being Ras Deshan, the fourth-tallest mountain in Africa.
Addis Ababa is the third-highest capital city in the world. The Great Rift Valley known for discoveries of early hominids such as Lucy, whose bones reside in the Ethiopian National Museum bisects the central plateau. The valley extends southwest through the country and includes the Danakil Depression, a desert containing the lowest dry point on the earth.
Variation in altitude results in dramatic climatic variation.
Some peaks in the Simyen Mountains receive periodic snowfall, while the average temperature of the Danakil is degrees Fahrenheit in the day time. The high central plateau is mild, with a mean average temperature of 62 degrees Fahrenheit.
Ethiopia The bulk of the rain in the highlands falls in the major rainy season from mid-June to mid-September, with an average of forty inches of rain during that season. A minor rainy season occurs from February to April.THE CANAD/AN JOURNAL OF Economics and Political Science Volume XXIX MAY, Number 2 A STAPLE THEORY OF ECONOMIC GROWTH* MELVILLE H.
WATKINS University of Toronto unifying theme for the study of Canadian development.9 On the other hand. The staple thesis is a theory of economic growth which emphasizes the role of traditional commodities or staple products and their impact on the shaping a . 97 Re-Reading Staples Theory in Light of Current Trade and Development Theory By Dan Ciuriak Staples, China, and the Global Revitalization of Industrial Policy “A Staple Theory of Economic Growth” (Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science, 29/2, pp.
49–73). The Staple Theory @ 50 11 The Staple Theory Redux: On the. Canadian economic development was a public issue to be addressed. Reading the article justly celebrated in this [email protected] series suggests that in his approach to economics, Watkins leaned more to Innis than Samuelson.
FAOSTAT provides free access to food and agriculture data for over countries and territories and covers all FAO regional groupings from to the most recent year available. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.