Table of Contents Context Robert Cormier was born on January 17,in a French-Canadian neighborhood of Leominster, Massachusetts, the town he fictionalized as Monument in many of his books. An outsider who read and wrote to escape, he attended Catholic school, where a nun encouraged him to become a writer. Soon after college he became a reporter for local newspapers, and garnered several prestigious awards.
Introduction[ edit ] There is no single or widely used definition of children's literature. Some works defy easy categorization. Rowling 's Harry Potter series was written and marketed for young adults, but it is also popular among adults.
The series' extreme popularity led The New York Times to create a separate best-seller list for children's books. A Reader's History from Aesop to Harry Potter, says, "This book presents a history of what children have heard and read The history I write of is a history of reception.
He explains that children were in the past not considered as greatly different from adults and were not given significantly different treatment. During the 17th century, the concept of childhood began to emerge in Europe.
Adults saw children as separate beings, innocent and in need of protection and training by the adults around them. In Locke's philosophy, tabula rasa was the theory that the human mind is at birth a "blank slate" without rules for processing data, and that data is added and rules for processing are formed solely by one's sensory experiences.
A corollary of this doctrine was that the mind of the child was born blank and that it was the duty of the parents to imbue the child with correct notions. Locke himself emphasized the importance of providing children with "easy pleasant books" to develop their minds rather than using force to compel them; "children may be cozen'd into a knowledge of the letters; be taught to read, without perceiving it to be anything but a sport, and play themselves into that which others are whipp'd for.
In the nineteenth century, a few children's titles became famous as classroom reading texts. The popularity of these texts led to the creation of a number of nineteenth century fantasy and fairy tales for children which featured magic objects and talking animals. Puritans were concerned with the spiritual welfare of their children, and there was a large growth in the publication of "good godly books" aimed squarely at children.
Though not specifically published for children at this time, young people enjoyed the booklets as well. The first such book was a catechism for children written in verse by the Puritan John Cotton.
Another early book, The New England Primerwas in print by and used in schools for years. The primer begins, "In Adam's fall We sinned all It also contained religious maxims, acronymsspelling help and other educational items, all decorated by woodcuts. Charles Perrault began recording fairy tales in France, publishing his first collection in They were not well received among the French literary society, who saw them as only fit for old people and children.
It is considered to be the first picture book produced specifically for children. A Pretty and Splendid Maiden's Mirror, an adaptation of a German book for young women, became the first Swedish children's book upon its publication.
Called the first European storybook to contain fairy-tales, it eventually had 75 separate stories and written for an adult audience.
A Little Pretty Pocket-Bookwritten and published by John Newberyis widely considered the first modern children's book, published in It was a landmark as the first children's publication aimed at giving enjoyment to children,  containing a mixture of rhymes, picture stories and games for pleasure.
The book was child—sized with a brightly colored cover that appealed to children—something new in the publishing industry. Known as gift books, these early books became the precursors to the toy books popular in the 19th century. According to the journal The Lion and the Unicorn"Newbery's genius was in developing the fairly new product category, children's books, through his frequent advertisements He published his own books as well as those by authors such as Samuel Johnson and Oliver Goldsmith ; : Another philosopher who influenced the development of children's literature was Jean-Jacques Rousseauwho argued that children should be allowed to develop naturally and joyously.
His idea of appealing to a children's natural interests took hold among writers for children. The History of Harry and Lucy urged children to teach themselves. Its founder, Johann Bernhard Basedowauthored Elementarwerk as a popular textbook for children that included many illustrations by Daniel Chodowiecki.
Another follower, Joachim Heinrich Campecreated an adaptation of Robinson Crusoe that went into over printings. He became Germany's "outstanding and most modern" : This dislike of non-traditional stories continued there until the beginning of the next century.
As professors, they had a scholarly interest in the stories, striving to preserve them and their variations accurately, recording their sources. By compiling these stories, they preserved Norway's literary heritage and helped create the Norwegian written language.
The book became popular across Europe after it was translated into French by Isabelle de Montolieu. Golden age[ edit ] The shift to a modern genre of children's literature occurred in the midth century; didacticism of a previous age began to make way for more humorous, child-oriented books, more attuned to the child's imagination.
The availability of children's literature greatly increased as well, as paper and printing became widely available and affordable, the population grew and literacy rates improved. Regarded as the first "English masterpiece written for children" : InCarlo Collodi wrote the first Italian fantasy novel, The Adventures of Pinocchiowhich was translated many times.The Chocolate War by Robert Cormier was not written with a young adult audience in mind, but class sets of the book found their way into English departments all over the world.
Though this is not my favourite Cormier novel, it remains his best known. Heavy in symbolism and discussable themes, The.
The Chocolate War was inspired by Cormier's son, who similarly refused to sell chocolates at a school chocolate sale, although without the negative repercussions of protagonist Jerry Renault.
Cormier considers this particular book to be life changing, as he first broke into the young adult scene and the young adult readers first embraced him as.
The American Library Association condemns censorship and works to ensure free access to information. Every year, the Office for Intellectual Freedom (OIF) compiles a list of the Top Ten Most Challenged Books in order to inform the public about censorship in libraries and schools. Banned Books Essay Examples.
13 total results. List of Books Banned in the United States of America. words. 2 pages. The Chocolate War, a Book by Robert Cormier, Should Be Banned by the Government. 1, words. 3 pages. Analyzing Fahrenheit by Ray Bradbury. words. 2 pages.
Robert Cormier's The Chocolate War, for example, is often regarded as one of the best young adult books ever written, but for me, The Chocolate War is a homophobic and misogynistic book, set in s in all-boys Catholic high school--which m/5.
Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..
For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get .