The closing of the american mind essay

His point is that, in the late twentieth century, students have difficulty grappling with complex ideas. Students are not being taught to ask hard questions about the concepts their culture cherishes and inculcates.

The closing of the american mind essay

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Though the reading seems to be represented with some overstated words, this does not defeat the purpose of conveying a very informative and eye-opener perspective on the value of education as well as the effect that it brings to the whole society chiefly on the way of the government.

The first one is the openness that motivates a person to be able to do philosophizing as well as to fulfill the interest of that person to learn. The other notion of openness is accountable for the closing which is more understood as the openness of indifference.

The most notable example of the kind of openness which is characterized by the second sense of openness is the concept of cultural relativism. This suggests that the primary education has given the person the chance to have grasped of the idea of relativism which is essential in the very idea of openness.

The concept of relativism makes the person realize that what is right and what is wrong are not really definite or absolute. Their senses vary as how culture and traditions do. Thus, it is never right to impose what is right or what is wrong because in a way The closing of the american mind essay one has his or her conception of what is right and what is wrong.

The same goes with the idea of superiority and inferiority in terms of races which leads to racial discrimination.

The said idea of superiority was evident in the American history wherein there were so many conflicts between Blacks and Whites. Through the social sciences, students are taught not to think and act in such a way that they regard themselves as superiors to others.

The closing of the american mind essay

Majority of the non-Western societies consider their culture and tradition to be better and greater than others. According to Bloom, such attitude is only natural as such is a direct opposite of the Western thought.

He added that the very idea of obligating the students to study other cultures only implies criticizing and evaluating those cultures by means of comparing them with what their culture suggests which is obviously like asserting that their culture is more superior to others.

In the entire introduction of the reading, it appears that Bloom is saying that at some point, we are really becoming so in tune of cultural relativism that we tend to neglect our rational capacity to think and reason out.

There Is A Way Out When in George Orwell—social conservative, Little Englander, intellectual cosmopolitan—hopefully envisioned an English socialist revolution, he assured his readers and himself that such a mere political event, like all such past convulsions, would prove no more than a surface disturbance. Rather, by its very nature—by its inherent logic, and by the ideology, aspirations, and world-historical forces from which it springs and to which it gives expression—it perforce obliterates that culture.
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SAT - Wikipedia Summary[ edit ] Bloom critiques the contemporary American university and how he sees it as failing its students, criticizing modern movements in philosophy and the humanities.
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We merely accept everything that are brought upon us by simply believing that culture makes us all different in almost every way. Yet, we are moving away from the fact that we need to examine and make a critical analysis of how our cultures become different in many ways. However, being open does not all about being lenient and being careless about our cultural differences.

The closing of the american mind essay

By doing this, we neglect to recognize the truest problem about being so obsessed with our loose notion about openness thus making openness pointless. In addition, Bloom says that by being so hooked with the principle of cultural relativism, we miss to consider that we are rational beings capable of discerning what is true and what is false, and what is right and what is wrong by means of reason.

By being so open with the concept of relativism, it looks like it prevents us from expressing and airing our prejudices about something which is only natural as we can contemplate and make judgments based on how we analyze things.

Our prejudices, in fact, make us inquire about the source and extent of such cultural differences. As what Plato discussed in the Republic, the truest essence of the concept of openness is the fact that man by nature cannot remain satisfied with what is presented to him by his culture as how the Allegory of the Cave implies.

Plato emphasizes that it is not the culture that justifies all that we know or believe but instead the nature which pushes us to go beyond what culture is showing us.

Hence, it is the nature that allows us to pass judgment on our own ways of living as well with others. To sum up everything that I apprehend to be the gist and the message of the reading, what Bloom is trying to say is that the idea of prejudice is important in such a way that it is essential in the learning process.

It is impossible that a person has no prior consideration or interpretation of something. Education then is the process of recognizing our various prejudices and inquiring on these prejudices to arrive at a genuine understanding of everything especially about cultural differences.

Bloom argues that the current trend in our educational system is that it obstructs us from using our prejudices to move towards better understanding of things around us.

The inquiry on our prejudices leads to the very idea of pursuing the truth — which is the true object of the human mind. The Closing of the American Mind.

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Print-formatted version: PDF In William Cronon, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature, New York: W. W. Norton & Co., , The time has come to rethink wilderness. The Closing of the American Mind has 4, ratings and reviews.

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Essays on the Closing of the American Mind [Robert L. Stone] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Essays discuss various aspects of Bloom's book concerning modern education in American4/5(1).

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