Father of Church History Ivor C. Fletcher Peter Nathan It has been said that all other church historians begin where Eusebius of Caesarea leaves off.
About the twelfth year of the reign of Trajan the above-mentioned bishop of the parish of Alexandria died, and Primus, the fourth in succession from the apostleswas chosen to the office.
At that time also Alexander, the fifth in the line of succession from Peter and Paulreceived the episcopate at Romeafter Evarestus had held the office eight years. The Calamities of the Jews during Trajan's Reign. The teaching and the Church of our Saviour flourished greatly and made progress from day to day; but the calamities of the Jews increased, and they underwent a constant succession of evils.
In the eighteenth year of Trajan's reign there was another disturbance of the Jewsthrough which a great multitude of them perished. For in Alexandria and in the rest of Egyptand also in Cyrene, as if incited by some terrible and factious spirit, they rushed into seditious measures against their fellow-inhabitants, the Greeks.
The insurrection increased greatly, and in the following year, while Lupus was governor of all Egyptit developed into a war of no mean magnitude.
In the first attack it happened that they were victorious over the Greeks, who fled to Alexandria and imprisoned and slew the Jews that were in the city. But the Jews of Cyrene, although deprived of their aid, continued to plunder the land of Egypt and to devastate its districts, under the leadership of Lucuas.
Against them the emperor sent Marcius Turbo with a foot and naval force and also with a force of cavalry. He carried on the war against them for a long time and fought many battles, and slew many thousands of Jewsnot only of those of Cyrene, but also of those who dwelt in Egypt and had come to the assistance of their king Lucuas.
But the emperor, fearing that the Jews in Mesopotamia would also make an attack upon the inhabitants of that country, commanded Lucius Quintus to clear the province of them. And he having marched against them slew a great multitude of those that dwelt there; and in consequence of his success he was made governor of Judea by the emperor.
These events are recorded also in these very words by the Greek historians that have written accounts of those times. To him Quadratus addressed a discourse containing an apology for our religion, because certain wicked men had attempted to trouble the Christians.
The work is still in the hands of a great many of the brethren, as also in our own, and furnishes clear proofs of the man's understanding and of his apostolic orthodoxy. He himself reveals the early date at which he lived in the following words: But the works of our Saviour were always present, for they were genuine: Such then was Quadratus.
Aristides also, a believer earnestly devoted to our religion, left, like Quadratusan apology for the faithaddressed to Adrian. His work, too, has been preserved even to the present day by a great many persons.
In the third year of the same reign, Alexander, bishop of Romedied after holding office ten years. His successor was Xystus.
About the same time Primus, bishop of Alexandria, died in the twelfth year of his episcopateand was succeeded by Justus. The chronology of the bishops of Jerusalem I have nowhere found preserved in writing; for tradition says that they were all short lived. But I have learned this much from writings, that until the siege of the Jewswhich took place under Adrianthere were fifteen bishops in succession there, all of whom are said to have been of Hebrew descent, and to have received the knowledge of Christ in purity, so that they were approved by those who were able to judge of such matters, and were deemed worthy of the episcopate.
For their whole church consisted then of believing Hebrews who continued from the days of the apostles until the siege which took place at this time; in which siege the Jewshaving again rebelled against the Romans, were conquered after severe battles. But since the bishops of the circumcision ceased at this time, it is proper to give here a list of their names from the beginning.
These are the bishops of Jerusalem that lived between the age of the apostles and the time referred to, all of them belonging to the circumcision.
In the twelfth year of the reign of AdrianXystus, having completed the tenth year of his episcopatewas succeeded by Telesphorusthe seventh in succession from the apostles.
In the meantime, after the lapse of a year and some months, Eumenes, the sixth in order, succeeded to the leadership of the Alexandrian church, his predecessor having held office eleven years.
The Last Siege of the Jews under Adrian. As the rebellion of the Jews at this time grew much more serious, Rufus, governor of Judeaafter an auxiliary force had been sent him by the emperor, using their madness as a pretext, proceeded against them without mercy, and destroyed indiscriminately thousands of men and women and children, and in accordance with the laws of war reduced their country to a state of complete subjection.
The leader of the Jews at this time was a man by the name of Barcocheba which signifies a starwho possessed the character of a robber and a murderer, but nevertheless, relying upon his name, boasted to them, as if they were slaves, that he possessed wonderful powers; and he pretended that he was a star that had come down to them out of heaven to bring them light in the midst of their misfortunes.
The war raged most fiercely in the eighteenth year of Adrianat the city of Bithara, which was a very secure fortress, situated not far from Jerusalem. When the siege had lasted a long time, and the rebels had been driven to the last extremity by hunger and thirst, and the instigator of the rebellion had suffered his just punishment, the whole nation was prohibited from this time on by a decree, and by the commands of Adrianfrom ever going up to the country about Jerusalem.
For the emperor gave orders that they should not even see from a distance the land of their fathers. Such is the account of Aristo of Pella. And as the church there was now composed of Gentilesthe first one to assume the government of it after the bishops of the circumcision was Marcus.
The Persons that became at that Time Leaders of Knowledge falsely so-called. As the churches throughout the world were now shining like the most brilliant stars, and faith in our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ was flourishing among the whole human racethe demon who hates everything that is goodand is always hostile to the truthand most bitterly opposed to the salvation of manturned all his arts against the Church.
In the beginning he armed himself against it with external persecutions. But now, being shut off from the use of such means, he devised all sorts of plans, and employed other methods in his conflict with the Churchusing base and deceitful men as instruments for the ruin of souls and as ministers of destruction.
Instigated by him, impostors and deceivers, assuming the name of our religion, brought to the depth of ruin such of the believers as they could win over, and at the same time, by means of the deeds which they practiced, turned away from the path which leads to the word of salvation those who were ignorant of the faith.
Accordingly there proceeded from that Menander, whom we have already mentioned as the successor of Simona certain serpent-like power, double-tongued and two-headed, which produced the leaders of two different heresiesSaturninus, an Antiochian by birth, and Basilidesan Alexandrian.Many people know Eusebius of Caesarea as the "Father of Church History."But as Robert M.
Grant, a modern historian of the early church period, provocatively asked, "Did the Father of Church. An copy of Eusebius' Church History The Church History (Greek: Ἐκκλησιαστικὴ ἱστορία ; Latin: Historia Ecclesiastica or Historia Ecclesiae) of Eusebius, the bishop of Caesarea was a 4th-century pioneer work giving a chronological account of the development of Early Christianity from the 1st century to the 4th century.
Aug 18, · Eusebius of Caesarea ( AD – AD) is commonly known as the "Father of Church History". He lived during a time of . Eusebius: 'The Father of Church History' Eusebius is known as the 'father of church history' because of his historical accounts of the formation of early Christendom.
About the Book. The “Father of Church History,” the fourth-century bishop Eusebius was the first to chronicle the development of Christianity from its earliest days among the followers of Jesus, up through the rise of the Emperor Constantine.
Eusebius of Caesarea, also called Eusebius Pamphili, (flourished 4th century, Caesarea Palestinae, Palestine), bishop, exegete, polemicist, and historian whose account of the first centuries of Christianity, in his Ecclesiastical History, is a .