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Italian fata, Spanish hada of the same origin. Fata although it became a feminine noun in the Romance languages, was originally the neuter plural "the Fates" of fatum, past participle of the verb fari to speak, hence "thing spoken, decision, decree" or "prophetic declaration, prediction", hence "destiny, fate".
To the word faie was added the suffix -erie Modern English - e ryused to express either a place where something is found fishery, heronry, nunnery or a trade or typical activity engaged in by a person cookery, midwifery, thieveryand in later usage generally applied to any kind of quality or activity associated with a particular sort of person as in English knavery, roguery, witchery, wizardry.
Faie became Modern English fay "a fairy"; the word is, however, rarely used, although well known as part of the name of the legendary sorceress Morgan le Fay of Arthurian legend.
Faierie became fairy, but with that spelling now almost exclusively refers to vilenjak academic writing of the legendary people, with the same meaning as fay; in the sense "land where fairies dwell", the distinctive and archaic spellings Faery and Faerie are often used. Faery however is also used in the sense of "a fairy"; and the back-formation fae, as an equivalent or substitute for fay is now sometimes seen.
Due to the identity of pronunciation between the two words, "fay" is sometimes misspelled "fey". Characteristics Fairies are generally described as human in appearance and having magical powers.
Their origins are less clear in the folklore, being variously dead, or some form of demonor a species completely independent of humans or angels. Much of the folklore about fairies revolves around protection from their malice, by such means as cold iron iron is like poison to fairies, and they will not go near it or charms of rowan and herbsor avoiding offense by shunning locations known to be theirs.
Although in modern culture they are often depicted as young, sometimes winged, humanoids of small stature, they originally were depicted much differently: Diminutive fairies of one kind or another have been recorded for centuries, but occur alongside the human-sized beings; these have been depicted as ranging in size from very tiny up to the size of a human child.
Various animals have also been described as fairies. Sometimes this is the result of shape shifting on part of the fairy, as in the case of the selkie seal people ; others, like the kelpie and various black dogsappear to stay more constant in form. As fallen angels, though not quite devils, they could be seen as subject of the Devil.
Demons A fourth belief was the fairies were devils entirely. This is parallel to a more developed tale, of the origin of the Scandinavian huldra.
Barrie 's novel The Little White Birdand was incorporated into his later works about the character. Barrie wrote, "When the first baby laughed for the first time, his laugh broke into a million pieces, and they all went skipping about.
That was the beginning of fairies. They came to be seen as another race, or possibly spirits, and were believed to live in an Otherworld that was variously described as existing underground, in hidden hills many of which were ancient burial moundsor across the Western Sea. Here we find the Silver Bough that allowed a living mortal to enter and withdraw from the Otherworld.
According to legend, the Fairy Queen sometimes offered the branch to worthy mortals, granting them safe passage and food during their stay. Some 19th century archaeologists thought they had found underground rooms in the Orkney islands resembling the Elfland in Childe Rowland.
Their green clothing and underground homes were credited to their need to hide and camouflage themselves from hostile humans, and their use of magic a necessary skill for combating those with superior weaponry.
In this particular time, fairies were reputed by the church as being 'evil' beings. Many beings who are described as deities in older tales are described as "fairies" in more recent writings. Some pranks ascribed to them, such as tangling the hair of sleepers into " Elf-locks ", stealing small items or leading a traveler astray, are generally harmless.
But far more dangerous behaviors were also attributed to fairies. Any form of sudden death might stem from a fairy kidnapping, with the apparent corpse being a wooden stand-in with the appearance of the kidnapped person.
As a consequence, practical considerations of fairies have normally been advice on averting them. In terms of protective charms, cold iron is the most familiar, but other things are regarded as detrimental to the fairies: John's wortand four-leaf cloversamong others.
Some lore is contradictory, such as Rowan trees in some tales being sacred to the fairies, and in other tales being protection against them. In Newfoundland folklore, the most popular type of fairy protection is bread, varying from stale bread to hard tack or a slice of fresh home-made bread. The belief that bread has some sort of special power is an ancient one.
Bread is associated with the home and the hearth, as well as with industry and the taming of nature, and as such, seems to be disliked by some types of fairies.
On the other hand, in much of the Celtic folklorebaked goods are a traditional offering to the folk, as are cream and butter. This may be a distinguishing trait between the Seelie Court from the Unseelie Courtsuch that fairies use them to protect themselves from more wicked members of their race.
Certain locations, known to be haunts of fairies, are to be avoided; C. Lewis reported hearing of a cottage more feared for its reported fairies than its reported ghost. Paths that the fairies travel are also wise to avoid. Home-owners have knocked corners from houses because the corner blocked the fairy path,  and cottages have been built with the front and back doors in line, so that the owners could, in need, leave them both open and let the fairies troop through all night.Nov 26, · I am writing to express my interest in applying for a Master's Degree Program in Germany, starting in autumn I believe my educational background would enable me to make a strong contribution at the Universities which I have chosen.
Woman Writing and Writing for Woman in 19 th Century Croatian Literature. // Kruh & ruže: feministički časopis Ženske infoteke.
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The interest was good, but we didn't consider it as a decent. Academic discussion on BBC Radio 4's In Our Time, May 11, (streaming and podcast) Audio recording of a traditional fairy story from Newfoundland, Canada (streaming and downloadable formats) Audio recording of a Scandinavian folktale explaining fairy origins (streaming and downloadable formats).
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