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When her sister died of complications shortly after giving birth to the Buddha, Mahaprajapati became his step-mother and raised him herself. Later, after the Buddha established his monastic Order, Mahaprajapati asked if she could join and become a nun.
At first the Buddha did not think that women would be able to live the ascetic life that the monks were following, and in general there were doubts about the feasibility of women joining what was then an order of monks.
But Mahaprajapati, at the head of a large group of women, persisted, and when she asked a second time, if she and her group of women might establish a parallel order of ordained female practitioners, he agreed.
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Thus the female Order came into being—separate from the male Order and not under male direction. This became an Order of women, exclusively under the control of the women themselves. These formed the first "twelve women apostles", i.
This set of twelve "Foremost Bhikshunis" of the Order under Mahaprajapati were: Khema, foremost scholar of Great Wisdom. Bhadra Yasodharaforemost in miraculous accomplishment mahasiddhi. Gautami, foremost in holiness.
Dharmadina, foremost missionary and teacher. Uppalavanna, foremost in realization. Bhadra Kundali, foremost in psychic faculties.
Nanda, foremost of the Forest Meditators. Bhadra Kapila, foremost in remembering past-lives. Patacara, foremost holder of the Vinaya. Sonya, foremost in diligence. Mahaprajapati achieved complete realization and was known as an Arhat—an enlightened Saint and the first "female Buddha". Many of her women followers also attained full Enlightenment and their poetry has been preserved in a large collection of writings known as the Theri-gata, or "Songs of the Women Elders".
Bodhisattva Tara Dolma We are told that long ago there was a Princess named Tara who was very devout. One day, a monk who did not believe that women could attain Enlightenment, told her that she should pray to be born in a male body in her next life in order to become Enlightened, and thus able to benefit others.
Instead, she vowed to attain Enlightenment as a woman in that very life and thenceforth prayed to always be reborn as a woman.
Thus Tara has become a symbol of the fact that any woman can become Enlightened.
She represents "Enlightened Womanhood", and stands as a female "Prophet" or "Saviour" among men like Moses, Jesus, Mohammed, and so many others. Tara is represented in various forms but most commonly she is white or green in color.
Although acknowledged to have been an actual living female saint, she has also evolved into something of a "Goddess of Mercy", and her worship is very popular throughout the east, in Nepal, Tibet, China and Japan.
The Twenty-one forms of Tara is a set of icons, each representing Tara, in reference to an aspect of female Buddhahood and protecting against a specific type of suffering. These remind us of the fact that there have been and have been and continue to be innumerable women Buddhas throughout history and all over the world.
Princess Mandarava Princess Mandarava was born in the eighth century, as the daughter of the King of Zahor, a small kingdom of northern India, centered around the capital town of Mandi.Introduction Though perhaps best known throughout the world for his science fiction, Isaac Asimov was also regarded as one of the great explainers of science.
Toni Morrison's novels are known for their epic themes, vivid dialogue and richly detailed black characters. Her works include The Bluest Eye and Beloved. Learn more at heartoftexashop.com Write an essay in which you explain how Paul Bogard builds an argument to persuade his audience that natural darkness should be preserved.
In your essay, analyze how Bogard uses one or more of the features in the directions that precede the passage (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument.
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